Condiments and seasonings
Raw material for vegetable oil are the seeds of oilseed
plants - from sunflower family Compositae, with up to 32% fat.
In our country, sunflower sown in large quantities in the southern areas,
as well as in the Voronezh and Saratov regions.
Sunflower (oil is obtained by extraction, ie extraction of fat from
crushed seeds using any solvent or compression. In
by extraction from seeds is almost completely extracted oil,
a cake is not more than one percent fat. When pressed into cake
remains to 6-10% body fat. It is used as a hot and cold pressing.
In cold-pressed oil contains more protein and
mucous substances than in the hot-pressed oil, but it has more
brightly colored and aromatic. To remove impurities from the oil and protein
mucous substances to purified - refining.
Sunflower oil is divided into two types: raw and refined,
which in turn is divided into three grades - the highest, first and second.
According to the standard, refined sunflower oil should be odorless,
light yellow color, not refined - free of foreign smell and taste
Sunflower oil refers to oils poluvysyhayuschim. It contains
fatty acids - palmitic, oleic and linoleic.
In the catering facilities sunflower oil is used as
seasoning in the manufacture of various dishes. It is added to the vinegar when
marinating the meat of wild animals and fish for the manufacture of
the following dishes: fish fried in dough, fried fish grill, barbecue fish.
In addition, oil is introduced into the different sauces: salad dressing,
mustard dressing (for salads and herring), mayonnaise, mayonnaise, sour cream,
mayonnaise with a white sauce, mayonnaise, jelly, mayonnaise gherkins,
pickles, capers, wine sauce, warm, marinated vegetables in cold vegetable
dishes: cabbage, mayonnaise, salad of pickled cabbage, red cabbage,
of fruits and vegetables, and in fresh tomatoes and apples, cauliflower,
marinated mushrooms, mushroom spawn, radishes with vegetable oil.
When marinating sunflower oil gives the meat and fish more delicate flavor.
It softens the sharpness of vegetables like radish, and increases the calorific value
meals and improves the flavor. Sunflower oil is introduced into the food
without any further treatment. It is also used
manufacture various hot vegetable and fish dishes, but in this case
it is no longer the seasoning.
Norms bookmark oil sauces - 100-750 grams per liter,
xinfood - 10-15 g.