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Condiments and seasonings

walnut

walnut
Walnut belongs to the family of nut. The fruit of the walnut - Dry drupe, in contrast to this nut (hazelnut, filbert) has another upper fleshy shell. After a gestation bone, which is called the nut falls out of the cracked shell. We have walnut in the wild it grows in the North Caucasus in the Caucasus and Central Asia, the cultural - in the Crimea, and some (areas Transcaucasia. Fruiting walnut tree from 10 to 50 years. Distinguish walnut tonkoskorlupny and tolstoskorlupny. The type of shell depends on the output of the kernel. In the first case, the kernel yield of 41-42% in second 30-33%. The chemical composition of walnut (in%): water - about 3.1 fat - 31 to 70, Protein - 18 to 25, nitrogen-free extractives - from 10 to 15. 100 g of mature walnut kernels contain 85 mg of vitamin C. From the above data shows that the kernel of walnut is a large nutritional value. Currently, walnut prepares mainly in the form of the kernel and the shell is used for technical purposes. But sometimes walnut and goes on sale in the shell. Nut in the shell can be stored longer (with proper storage mode, and dry cool room). Walnuts in the shell are packed in bags, shelling of the kernel, previously well dried, - in boxes. Walnut is used in cooking in the manufacture of many foods and confectionery. We introduce a nut in powdered (pulverized) form in the first and main dishes: chicken soup Gurian, a soup made of red bean soup peas, roast turkey, chicken by-Mingrelia, satsivi chicken, rice fisinzhan, hare with nuts, trout with nuts, eggs and nuts, and green red beans and nuts (in Guria), eggplant with nuts, spinach Georgian, beetroot, cauliflower, walnut sauce, and several other meals during the manufacturing process. Walnuts improve the nutritive value, improve the taste of food, as well as enrich their vitamin C. In addition, the kernel of a walnut (fried with salt) is applied to champagne and grape wines. Norms bookmark peeled hazelnuts 30 g soup, main course of 30-50 g, sauces in 300 g to 1 liter. Waste on the shell is 55%.
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