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ALMOND

ALMOND
Almonds - a fruit (nut) almond tree. There are two kinds almonds - sweet and bitter kernel. Bitter almonds are often grows in wild state in Central Asia. Sweet almonds are cultivated in areas Crimea, Caucasus, Central Asia. Almond kernel is highly nutritious as it contains up to 20% proteins, 60% fat, and essential oils. The length of the fruit of almonds from 10 to 60 mm. The shape of fruit - egg-shaped, laterally compressed. Almond is a fleshy green hull, which in mature nut dries and cracks. The surface of the shell smooth or rough. Inside the nut is white core, covered with brown skin. The hardness of nuts divided into bumazhnoskorlupnye, soft, standartnoskorlupnye and Hard type (bitter almond shells in a very solid). More valuable are the first two varieties of almonds, because they give higher yield of intact nuclei. Bitter almonds contain in their part of glucoside - amygdalin (from 2 to 9%). Amygdalin under the influence emulsina enzyme in presence of water splits into hydrogen cyanide, benzoic aldehyde and glucose. Hydrogen cyanxigeis poisonous, so bitter almonds can be eaten in large quantities. Bitter almonds are used in the manufacture of confectionery products (for aromatization of them) and for making almond milk. Harvested nuts are exempt from the upper scarious shells, dried in the sun, after which the shell becomes a light yellow color. For more light colored shell almonds bleached by fumigation with sulfur dioxide. In commercially available or purified almond in the shell. Almonds are packed to Masha, and the nucleus - in boxes. In the absence of almonds, you can lure similar with the taste of apricots and peaches nuclei. Store almonds in a dry place. Almonds are introduced into the pastry, the national dish, For example, chorbahi lobio, rice Jable, quince, poached fruit, other th; in desserts - ice cream, fruit in syrup, ice cream. Almonds lay in the dishes cleared (for better treatment of its pre- Scald) and cut into pieces. He is introduced during the manufacture of food or before they leave. Almonds, roasted with salt, served with champagne. Almond improves the taste of food and gives it a particular flavor. Norma bookmarks in a dish - from 5 to '75 Waste in the shell is 40%.
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