Condiments and seasonings
Sugar - is a valuable food product, which is derived from sugar beet
or sugar cane. Chemically pure sugar is called sucrose.
Sugar is divided into the following classes: sugar high and first grades,
refined sugar molded with the properties of the cast, refined sugar crushed,
refined sugar lump cast.
In assessing the sugar should be taken into account and organoleptic
physico-chemical parameters. Sugar as sand and sod should be
white, dry to the touch, sweet taste, without any foreign smell and
flavor as in dry and in solution. Sucrose content in sugar
must be at least 99.75%, moisture content - not more than 0.4%. Sugar easily
soluble in water, melts at a temperature of 160 ° and solidifies on cooling
in a glassy mass. With strong heating sugar karamelizuetsya in
result becomes brown. When heated, sugar
the presence of acid - lemon, wine-stone - get invert sugar
(A mixture of equal parts glucose and fructose). Invert sugar is not cooling
crystallizes. This feature is used in the manufacture of sugar
various foods and especially confectionery. Sugar is very hygroscopic,
therefore it must be stored in clean bags on racks in a dry place.
Sugar is important in human nutrition not only as a food product,
but also as a flavoring. In cooking, sugar is the spice of many a cold,
first, second and sweet dishes and flour products. He added to the soup,
borschok, okroshka, beet soup, sweet fruit and berry soups, carrot
casseroles, stuffed vegetables (peppers, zucchini, etc.), cereals (millet,
rice, semolina), casseroles, puddings, cheese dishes, flour and pasta
products, milk sauces, egg sweet mushroom kislosladky; marinade from
vegetables with tomatoes and no tomato sauce, salad, creamy horseradish sauce, mustard
refueling, salads, stewed fruit, jelly, cream, mousse, jelly and confectionery.
Sugar is introduced into these dishes in their manufacturing process without
Burnt Sugar ("Zhenka") entered into dishes for coloring and giving them
appropriate taste. In addition, burnt sugar used to decorate
dishes (semolina porridge with fruit). Sugar gives dishes a sweet taste and increases the
their caloric content.
Norma bookmarks sugar ranges from 5 to 50 grams per serving.