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Condiments and seasonings

SUGAR

SUGAR
Sugar - is a valuable food product, which is derived from sugar beet or sugar cane. Chemically pure sugar is called sucrose. Sugar is divided into the following classes: sugar high and first grades, refined sugar molded with the properties of the cast, refined sugar crushed, refined sugar lump cast. In assessing the sugar should be taken into account and organoleptic physico-chemical parameters. Sugar as sand and sod should be white, dry to the touch, sweet taste, without any foreign smell and flavor as in dry and in solution. Sucrose content in sugar must be at least 99.75%, moisture content - not more than 0.4%. Sugar easily soluble in water, melts at a temperature of 160 ° and solidifies on cooling in a glassy mass. With strong heating sugar karamelizuetsya in result becomes brown. When heated, sugar the presence of acid - lemon, wine-stone - get invert sugar (A mixture of equal parts glucose and fructose). Invert sugar is not cooling crystallizes. This feature is used in the manufacture of sugar various foods and especially confectionery. Sugar is very hygroscopic, therefore it must be stored in clean bags on racks in a dry place. Sugar is important in human nutrition not only as a food product, but also as a flavoring. In cooking, sugar is the spice of many a cold, first, second and sweet dishes and flour products. He added to the soup, borschok, okroshka, beet soup, sweet fruit and berry soups, carrot casseroles, stuffed vegetables (peppers, zucchini, etc.), cereals (millet, rice, semolina), casseroles, puddings, cheese dishes, flour and pasta products, milk sauces, egg sweet mushroom kislosladky; marinade from vegetables with tomatoes and no tomato sauce, salad, creamy horseradish sauce, mustard refueling, salads, stewed fruit, jelly, cream, mousse, jelly and confectionery. Sugar is introduced into these dishes in their manufacturing process without pre-heat treatment. Burnt Sugar ("Zhenka") entered into dishes for coloring and giving them appropriate taste. In addition, burnt sugar used to decorate dishes (semolina porridge with fruit). Sugar gives dishes a sweet taste and increases the their caloric content. Norma bookmarks sugar ranges from 5 to 50 grams per serving.
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