Сайт для инженеров и механиков

Charge the battery

Electrolyte, which is poured into the battery pack is made from sulfuric acid and distilled water. To prepare the electrolyte applies resistant to the action of sulfuric acid dishes - ceramic, ebony, lead, into which water is poured first, and then at stirring acid. Reverse the order of pouring acid is not allowed. The density of the electrolyte, depending on the season and climate operating conditions given in Table. 19. Table 19 Density of the electrolyte -------------------------------------------------- -------------------- The density of the electrolyte, Climatic regions of time reduced to 15 ° C, g/s3 ------------------------------------- zalivaemo year-end per- of charge to Vaga the first in- next With the sharply continental winter 1.290 1.250 1.310 1.270 climate and summer temperatures swarm in winter down to -40 ° C North of the temperature-Round 1.270 1.290 swarm in winter to 40 ° C year Central to the temperature 1.250 1.220 Same ture in winter to -30 ° C South 1.230 1.250 Same -------------------------------------------------- -------------------- Notice. The deviation of the density of the electrolyte values at ± 0,01 g/cm3. To obtain the appropriate electrolyte density should be guided by the data given in Table. 20. Table 20 The density of the electrolyte, depending on the amount of sulfuric acid -------------------------------------------------- ------------------- The density of the electrolyte, the volume of sulfuric acid, the density for reduction to 15 ° C, Nosta 1.83 g / cm, which should be added 1 liter of water -------------------------------------------------- ------------------- 1,230 0,280 1,250 0,310 1,270 0,345 1,290 0,385 1,310 0,425 1,400 0,650 -------------------------------------------------- ------------------- The resulting solution is strongly heated and before you measure it density and shading to make, he needs to cool to a temperature below 25 ° C. Before filling the electrolyte in the battery is not in the former use, muddle through congestion and traffic jams are removed under sealing discs (the discs back to the batteries do not pose). Then Pour all the elements of an electrolyte to a level of 10-15 mm above the safety shield installed on the separators. After casting, the electrolyte batteries must stand 3-4 hours before turning on the charge. To charge the battery positive lead is attached to the positive terminal of a DC source, and negative - a negative. The charge current should noxtexceed 0.1 of its capacity (the battery 6ST-55-5A). Battery power lead until until it is abundant gas (Boiling) of electrolyte in all cells, and the battery voltage and the density electrolyte does not remain constant for 3 hours During the charge periodically check the temperature of the electrolyte and monitored, that it did not rise above 45 ° C. In that case, if the temperature reaches 45 ° C, reduce the power charger half or interrupt the current charge for the time necessary to reduce temperature to 30 ° C. In the course of the charge density of the electrolyte rises gradually and only to the end of the charge is constant. When the final density of the electrolyte differs from the above the required value of produce fine-tuning of the density of the electrolyte by topping up with distilled water - if density is higher, or an acid density of 1.5 g/cm3 - if the density below normal. Before topping up of water or acid of the density of 1.4 g/cm3 electrolyte suction rubber bulb. Bringing the density of the electrolyte to produce the required amount of sure at the end of charge, when the density reaches a constant electrolyte and because of its "boiling point" provides rapid and complete mixing of the electrolyte. If one method fails to bring the gravity of the electrolyte to the desired values continue to fine-tuning to complete mixing of the electrolyte. Gaps between the two supplements of water or electrolyte should not be less than 30 minutes.
©2010-2017 Сайт Николая Русина.