Garlic is used mainly as a seasoning for a variety of:
food dishes, with the technical processing of vegetables,
sausage production, etc.
Garlic is used for drying of all sorts, but the best of
They are such varieties, which give the finished product
with a spicy taste.
Garlic bulbs consist of individual small and large
Zubkov (kids), which is located in the bulb to 70.
At the edges, bulbs are usually large teeth,
and in the center - small. Each clove is covered with a thin dry
film (scales), and the whole bulb of garlic covered with more
a thin film (wrapper).
Distinguish between ordinary acaulescent garlic and garlic,
formed during growth, along with onion floriferous
stalk, which reaches a height of 1 m. At inflorescence stalk
formed small bulbs "bulb" in the amount of
80 pcs. Onion, garlic has also stebleobrazuyuschego
fewer cloves (from 2 to 12).
In order to reduce the loss of garlic during storage in
areas of mass cultivation of this crop should be
widespread use of air drying of garlic and sun
Solar air-drying should be used in southern
areas where the product is dried until ready, and
combined - in the middle lane of the Union.
In the latter case, the garlic is dried in air for
2 - 3 days, and then finally dried in a fire or
When air-drying solar dried minced garlic
until ready within 2-3 days.
Garlic is intended for drying should be ripe,
dry, clean, healthy, well dried up in one piece
upper scales, without mechanical damage and signs of
Drying of garlic are the following technological scheme:
Remove stems, onion knives by hand;
-Division of the bulbs Babes (teeth);
-Minced garlic at the cutters or knives by hand;
-Department of wrappers and scales by otveivaniya;
-Flooring garlic in mesh or plywood sheets;
Solar-air-dried garlic or fiery - in a drying
Cooling-dried products i.otdelenie nedosushennyh
particles of garlic;
Department-Scale of garlic by otveivaniya;
-Adjustment of moisture;
-Purification of the product from Metal impurities;
When chopping garlic by hand is cut into slices not thicker
more than 4-6 mm from the cervix. In this case, remove the stems and
dividing bulbs teeth do not produce.
On screen plank materials at the rate of 3-4 kg at 1 mA useful
To reduce the loss of garlic drying is recommended to keep
cotton nets with fine mesh, plywood
sheets (with solar air-drying) or
metal sieve with a litter of gauze, burlap, etc.
In areas of the Ukrainian and Moldavian SSR-air solar
dried garlic is better to under awnings within 2-3 days
after which the product is finally dried in a drying apparatus for
temperature of 50-55 °.
As during the air-solar and fire-cured garlic
should be periodically agitated.
Properly dried garlic after a solar-air
dry white with a faint yellowish tinge, and drying
in the cabinet of a device-white with a yellowish tinge.
The dried product contains 7,5-8% moisture.
In preparing the raw material for drying waste accounts for 17-18%.
Norma costs of raw materials per ton of dried product is
about 4 m.
Dried garlic is packed in clean boxes tightly whipped
with lid, lined in plastic wrap or parchment
To obtain Chesnokova powder is ground dried products
in a hammer mill and then sifted on sieves and packaged
in waterproof bags. Before grinding garlic
pre-dried to such an extent that it is easily
was ground into powder.
Dried garlic should be stored in dry, cool place,
away from other foods.