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USE OF WASTE FOR RECYCLING OF APPLES PEARS AND OTHER FRUITS AND VEGETABLES

USE OF WASTE FOR RECYCLING OF APPLES PEARS AND OTHER FRUITS AND VEGETABLES Peel and core apples and pears, as well as sub-standard fruits can be used to produce substitutes for tea or coffee. All kinds of fruit waste in the form of peel, core and defective raw materials should be processed immediately. The process of preparing the fruit and berry production of waste substitutes for coffee or tea consists of the following: remove rotting, damaged parts of the raw materials and foreign impurities, washing it, chopping (cutting) on ??the particle the same size, drying and roasting. Prepared by drying raw material can be carried out both in dryer, as well as in the sun. Well dried pith and peel fruits have a color from light yellow to brown. One of the main processes of production substitutes for tea or coffee is roasting. During the roasting of the dried product is caramelization of sugar, as well as the formation of taste and flavors, giving the appropriate infusion color, flavor, aroma and strength. To obtain replacements for tea, the dried raw material is subjected to Light roast, and for coffee substitutes - stronger. Roasting lead in the pan, baking or in special roasting drums. During roasting the product systematically mixed. Product designed for the preparation of substitutes of tea fried first at a temperature of 100-110 °, and then at 140-150 °. The duration of roasting depends on the type of product and its degree of humidity. On average, the product is roasted xinfor 30-40 minutes. When roasting vegetable waste (beets, carrots) roasting are initially at a temperature of 120-130 °, increasing it to the end of roasting to 150-180 °. Product usually fry up a weak darkening. To prevent burnout of the product during the roasting through every 10 minutes, taking samples to determine the end of roasting. To obtain replacements for coffee roasting raw materials are first at a temperature of-120 ° for 30-50 minutes and then the temperature is raised to 180-200 ° and fry product for 20-30 minutes. Roasted product is milled and then mixed in appropriate proportions and packed into tight boxes, lined inside with parchment paper or podpergamentnoy. For tea drinks recommended the following composition mixtures (in%): USE OF WASTE FOR RECYCLING OF APPLES PEARS AND OTHER FRUITS AND VEGETABLES In compiling mixes - coffee substitutes - in the mix should be given raw material containing a significant amount of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Based on data verified NIITOPom, recommended The following recipe coffee drinks (in%): USE OF WASTE FOR RECYCLING OF APPLES PEARS AND OTHER FRUITS AND VEGETABLES
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